Rocca d’anfo, A Masterpiece Immersed in Nature
6 June 2016
The Rocca d’Anfo is a fortified military complex built in the fifteenth century by the Venetian Republic in the town of Anfo on Lake Idro. The agglomerate made up of military construction, is distributed in a triangular strip of land: one side is roughly one kilometer of the shore of the lake, the rest is spread on the eastern slope of Mount Censo. Built on an area of 50 hectares, the Rocca d’Anfo was remodeled and enlarged by the military engineers of Napoleon Bonaparte, Giuseppe Zanardelli and the Italian Army Corps of Engineers.
The structure, made up of several batteries, trenches, covered roads, and barracks, is a military microcosm of great interest. Built on a Longobard settlement, it became an important outpost of the Republic of Venice between 1426 and 1797. This ‘Serenissima’ period was followed by the French rule of Napoleon Bonaparte who personally ordered the fortress to be modernised and restructured following the creation of new warfare techniques. Subsequent modifications carried out by the Austrians and then by the Kingdom of Italy were of a smaller entity: in 1915, with the annexation of Trentino to Italy, the fortress was no longer a border outpost and gradually lost its strategic importance until it was eventually abandoned.
From 2015 the Rocca has been opened for guided tours in the spring and summer weekends.